Vietnam: History

  1. 1858

    French colonial rule begins.

  2. 1945

    Ho Chi Minh’s guerrilla force seizes power and announces Vietnam’s independence.

  3. 1954

    At the Geneva Conference Vietnam is divided into North and South.

  4. 1957

    The Communist insurgency begins in South Vietnam.

  5. 1964

    The Gulf of Tonkin incident, pushing the United States Congress to approve the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, authorizes military action in the Vietnam region.

  6. 1965

    American combat troops arrive in South Vietnam with numbers nearing 200,000. The number of troops increase in 1966 to 400,000 and then to 500,000 in 1967.

  7. 1973

    A ceasefire agreement is signed in Paris, with US troops to be completely pulled out by March.

  8. 1975

    The North Vietnamese troops invade and take over South Vietnam.

  9. 1992

    A new constitution is adopted in Vietnam allowing for new economic freedoms to citizens.

  10. 1994

    The trade embargo between Vietnam and the US is lifted and full diplomatic relations are restored the following year.

  11. 1995

    Vietnam becomes a full active member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).

  12. 2004

    The first commercial flight from the United States since the end of the Vietnam War lands in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

  13. 2007

    Vietnam becomes the 150th member of the World Trade Organization (WTO) after over a decade of talks and discussions.

  14. 2008

    The first communications satellite from Vietnam is launched.

  15. 2010

    There is a growing clampdown on freedom of expression within the country; many citizens are sentenced to jail time for allegedly spreading propaganda and voicing a pro-democracy view point.

  16. 2012

    Vietnam surpasses Brazil to become the world’s largest coffee exporter.


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