Vietnam: Government

Socialist Republic of Vietnam Flag
Coat of Arms of Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Tran Dai Quang

Head of Government: Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc

Overview

Government Name: Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Constitution: Adopted: 1992; Communist Party of Vietnam holds the central role in politics and society. The constitution's focus on strict communist orthodoxy has become less important than economic development as a national priority as seen through recent amendments.

Government Type: Communist State

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

President serves as head of state, nominal commander of the armed forces and chairman of the Council of National Defense and Security. Prime Minister heads a cabinet composed of deputy prime ministers and heads of ministries and agencies, all confirmed by the National Assembly.

The president is elected by the National Assembly and prime minister is appointed by the president.

5 years

Judicial

Responsible for providing leadership to the Vietnamese court system, supervising the judicial process, and recommending bills to the National Assembly as appropriate under law.

Justices are appointed by the National Assembly of Vietnam.

5 years

Legislative

Responsible for fundamental domestic and foreign policies, socio-economic policies, defense and security issues, and it exercises supreme control over all state activities.

National Assembly (Quoc-Hoi) 500 members are elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Tensions have arisen in the past between Vietnam and its neighbors, especially in the case of China since both nations claim the Spratly Islands, an archipelago in a potentially oil-rich area of the South China Sea. Conflicting claims have produced over the years small scale armed altercations in the area. China's assertion of control over the Spratly Islands and the South China Sea has raised concern from Vietnam and its Southeast Asia neighbors (ASEAN). The territorial border between the two countries is being definitively mapped according to a Land Border Agreement signed in December 1999, and an Agreement on Borders in the Gulf of Tonkin signed in December 2000. Vietnam and Russia declared a strategic partnership in March 2001 during the first visit ever to Hanoi of a Russian head of state, largely as an attempt to counterbalance China's growing profile in Southeast Asia.

Regional Trade Blocs: ASEAN, APEC

Treaties: No major military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB APEC ARF ASEAN CICA CP
EAS ESCAP FAO G-77 IAEA IBRD
ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IFAD IFC
IFRCS ILO IMF IMO IMSO Interpol
IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU
MIGA NAM OIF OPCW PCA UN
UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNWTO UPU WCO
WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary