Georgia: Profile

Government 
Governor:Nathan Deal (R)
Treasurer:Steve McCoy (R)
Senators:David Perdue (R)
John Isakson (R)
Entered Union:January 2, 1788
U.S. Representatives:13
Area 
Total Area153,910 km2 / 59,425 mi2
Land Area148,959 km2 / 57,513 mi2
Water Area4,951 km2 / 1,912 mi2
Water Area Percentage3.22 %
Time Zone  
Standard TimeGMT -5
Daylight-Saving TimeGMT -4
Weather 
Record High Temperature112°F / 44°C , Louisville (July 24, 1952)
Record Low Temperature-17°F / -27°C , Northern Floyd County (January 27, 1940)
GDP 
Total Gross Domestic Product (USD Billions)$476 (2014)
Per Capita Real GDP (USD)$43,131 (2014)
Population 
Population9,815,210 (2011)
Under 19 Population2,781,629 / 28.7% (2010)
65 and older Population1,032,035 / 10.7% (2010)
Male Population4,729,171 / 48.8% (2010)
Female Population4,958,482 / 51.2% (2010)
Non-English Speaker (at home) 1,056,615 (2007)
Net International Immigration 27,346 (2009)
Birth Rate (per 1,000)14.4 per 1,000 (2009)
Percent of People Under Poverty Level (%)19% (2013)
Major Cities 
CityPopulation (2012)
Atlanta 443,775
Columbus 198,413
Savannah 142,022
Employment 
Employment 4,262,100 (2015)
Average Weekly Wage (USD)$827 (2015)
Unemployment Rate (%)7.9% (2014)
Expenditures 
Per Capita State Spending (USD)$4,248 (2013)
Energy Expenditures per Person (USD)$4,004 (2013)
Expenditures of State and Local Government Employee-Retirement Systems (USD Thousands)$5,509 (2012)
Revenue 
Per Capita Personal Income (USD)$38,980 (2014)
State Internal Revenue Collection (USD Thousands)$80 (2014)
Cash and Security Holdings by State Government (USD Thousands)$86,023 (2013)
Per Capita State Tax Collection (USD)$1,639 (2011)
Education 
High School Graduation Rate (%)85.6% (2014)
Percent of Population with a Bachelor's Degree (%)29.1% (2014)
Percent of Population with an Advanced Degree (%)10.8% (2014)
Largest Universities  
University of Georgia
Georgia State University
Kennesaw State University
Logistics 
Public Road Length (Miles)125,523 Miles (2012)
Gas Tax Rate (%)36.18% (2015)
Number of Public Airports 107 (2015)
Main Airports 
CodeNameCity
AGSAugusta Regional at Bush FieldAugusta
ATLHartsfield - Jackson Atlanta InternationalAtlanta
CSGColumbus MetropolitanColumbus
SAVSavannah/Hilton Head InternationalSavannah
VLDValdosta RegionalValdosta
Ports 
Atlanta
Brunswick
Savannah

Sources:
Air Nav (2009)
American Association of Port Authorities (AAPA) (2009)
Bureau of Business and Economic Research (2009)
Bureau of Labor Statistics (2009)
Bureau of Transportation (2008)
Education Portal (2010)
Federal Aviation Administration (2009)
Internal Revenue Service (2009)
National Association of State Budget Officers (2008)
National Climatic Data Center (2009)
National Governors Association (2011)
Tax Foundation (2008)
U.S. Census Bureau (2000, 2007, 2008, 2009)
U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Economic Analysis (2009)
U.S. Energy Information Administration (2008)
U.S. House of Representatives (2011)
United States Senate (2011)

Glossary