Afghanistan: History


  1. 1838

    British forces invade and influence affairs in Afghanistan for several decades.

  2. 1918

    Luxembourg declares independence after four years of German occuption in World War I. 

  3. 1919

    Afghanistan declares independence from British influence. 

  4. 1920

    Luxembourg joins the League of Nations.

  5. 1921

    Luxembourg and Belgium enter an economic union, allowing Luxembourg to use the Belgian currency.

  6. 1940-1944

    Luxembourg is occupied by German troops during World War II.

  7. 1948

    Luxembourg forms an economic union with Belgium and the Netherlands. 

  8. 1949

    Luxembourg becomes a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). 

  9. 1957

    Luxembourg becomes one of the founding members of the European Economic Community, which aims to integrate the economy in Europe among its member states. 

  10. 1979

    Following the crisis of the metallurgy sector, Luxembourg enters a period of recession.

  11. 1979

    The Soviet Army invades Afghanistan and establishes a communist government.

  12. 1980-1989

    Fighting ensues between the Soviets and various opposition groups. In 1989, the last Soviet troops leave Afghanistan, but civil war continues. 

  13. 1992

    Luxembourg takes part in the Maastricht Treaty creating the European Union (EU).

  14. 1999

    The United Nations imposes an air embargo and financial sanctions in an effort to force Afghanistan to hand over Osama Bin Laden for trial. 

  15. 2002

    Luxembourg adopts the euro currency. 

  16. 2006

    NATO assumes responsibility for security across all of Afghanistan.

  17. 2009

    Luxembourg is added to a "grey list" of countries with questionable banking arrangements by G20, which is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies. 

  18. 2013

    Command of all military and security operations is returned to the Afghan army.

Sources:

BBC News
Britannica

Glossary