Afghanistan: History

  1. 1878

    Britain is given control over Afghan foreign affairs by way of a treaty.

  2. 1919

    Emir Amanullah Khan takes control of Afghanistan’s foreign affairs and declares independence from British influence.

  3. 1933

    Zahir Shah becomes king and reigns for the next 40 years.

  4. 1953

    Sardar Mohammed Daoud becomes prime minister and introduces controversial reform policies and solicits military and economic assistance from the United States and Soviet Union.

  5. 1973

    Mohammed Daoud seizes power in a military coup, forcing Zahir Shah to flee. He abolishes the monarchy and establishes a republic with himself as president.

  6. 1979

    The Soviet Army invades Afghanistan and establishes a communist government with Babrak Karmal as ruler.

  7. 1980

    Strong opposition forms against the communist government and fighting ensues between the Soviets and Afghan army, known as the mujahideen. The United States provides the mujahideen with military and economic assistance.

  8. 1998

    The Taliban, after taking control of Kabul in 1996, occupies 90% of the country and begins to impose an extreme interpretation of Islam and commit massive human rights violations.

  9. 2001

    After the September 11 attacks on the United States, the US leads a bombing campaign against the Taliban.

  10. 2006

    NATO takes over control of security operations for all of Afghanistan.

  11. 2013

    Command of all military and security operations is returned to the Afghan army from NATO.


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