Armenia: Government

Republic of Armenia Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Armenia

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Serzh Sargsyan

Head of Government: Prime Minister Hovik Abrahamyan

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Armenia

Constitution: Adopted: 1995; Established Armenia as a democratic, sovereign, social, and constitutional state. Vests the power to its citizens in regard to elections.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president serves as the head of state, strives to uphold the constitution and to ensure the regular functioning of the legislative, executive, and judicial powers and guarantees independence, territorial integrity, and the security of the republic. The prime minister is required by the constitution to oversee the government's regular activities and coordinate the work of the ministers.

The president is elected by absolute majority through a two-round system. The prime minister is appointed by the president with the approval of parliament.

5 years

Judicial

The court of cassation and constitutional court (although separate from other two branches of government) enforce the laws on a local and nationwide basis.

Court of cassation judges are nominated by the judicial council.

Mandatory retirement age of 65

Legislative

The national assembly is responsible for the creation of laws.

The national assembly has 90 members elected through a closed-list proportional representation system and 41 members elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Armenia is a member of the United Nations, the Council of Europe, the European Neighborhood Program of the EU, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), NATO's Partnership for Peace, the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation organization (BSEC), the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council, the International Monetary Fund, the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and the World Trade Organization. Turkey closed its border with Armenia in 1993 as a show of support for Azerbaijan in the conflict over Nagorno-Karabakh. On October 10, 2009, the foreign ministers of Turkey and Armenia signed normalization protocols that called for the opening of the Turkey-Armenia border, establishing diplomatic relations, and the creation of a number of sub-commissions addressing bilateral issues.

Regional Trade Blocs: EAEU

Treaties: Collective Security Treaty Organization


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB BSEC CD CE CIS CSTO
EAEC EAPC EBRD ESCAP FAO GCTU
IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA
IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF Interpol
IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO ITU
MIGA NAM OAS OIF OPCW OSCE
PFP UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNIFIL
UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO
WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification
Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Ministry of Finance and State Revenue Committee

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary