Armenia briefly becomes independent after the Ottoman Empire falls.
After being invaded by the Soviet Red Army, Armenia becomes part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
Armenians suffer under Stalin's purges, but the nation also experiences substantial industrial development.
In December, Armenia joins the Commonwealth of Independent States, the successor of the Soviet Union.
In a September referendum, 94% of voters support secession from the Soviet Union, formally declaring the country’s independence.
A trade and energy embargo is imposed by Azerbaijan over a conflict of Armenia's claims to the Nagorno-Karabakh region.
The government begins programs aimed at returning industries to the private market and liberalizing prices.
Armenia and Turkey agree to normalize relations, allowing the countries to begin the processes to establish diplomatic ties and reopen the shared border.