Armenia: History

  1. 1918

    Armenia briefly becomes independent after the Ottoman Empire falls.

  2. 1922

    After being invaded by the Soviet Red Army, Armenia becomes part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

  3. 1930s

    Armenians suffer under Stalin's purges, but the nation also experiences substantial industrial development.

  4. 1991

    In December, Armenia joins the Commonwealth of Independent States, the successor of the Soviet Union.

  5. 1991

    In a September referendum, 94% of voters support secession from the Soviet Union, formally declaring the country’s independence.

  6. 1992

    A trade and energy embargo is imposed by Azerbaijan over a conflict of Armenia's claims to the Nagorno-Karabakh region.

  7. 1995

    The government begins programs aimed at returning industries to the private market and liberalizing prices.

  8. 2009

    Armenia and Turkey agree to normalize relations, allowing the countries to begin the processes to establish diplomatic ties and reopen the shared border.


BBC News