Armenia briefly becomes independent after the Ottoman Empire falls.
After being invaded by the Soviet Red Army, Armenia becomes part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
In a September referendum, 94% of voters support secession from the Soviet Union, formally declaring the country’s independence.
Armenia joins the United Nations. Azerbaijan imposes a trade and energy embargo on Armenia over a conflict of Armenia’s claims to the Nagorno-Karabakh region.
A Russian-brokered agreement ends fighting in the Nagorno-Karabakh region, which becomes an independent republic.
The government begins programs aimed at returning industries to the private market and liberalizing prices.
Armenia becomes a full member of the Council of Europe.
Armenia and Turkey agree to normalize relations, allowing the countries to begin the processes to establish diplomatic ties and reopen the shared border.