Armenia: History

  1. 1918

    Armenia briefly becomes independent after the Ottoman Empire falls.

  2. 1922

    After being invaded by the Soviet Red Army, Armenia becomes part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).

  3. 1991

    In a September referendum, 94% of voters support secession from the Soviet Union, formally declaring the country’s independence.

  4. 1992

    Armenia joins the United Nations. Azerbaijan imposes a trade and energy embargo on Armenia over a conflict of Armenia’s claims to the Nagorno-Karabakh region.

  5. 1994

    A Russian-brokered agreement ends fighting in the Nagorno-Karabakh region, which becomes an independent republic.

  6. 1995

    The government begins programs aimed at returning industries to the private market and liberalizing prices.

  7. 2001

    Armenia becomes a full member of the Council of Europe.

  8. 2009

    Armenia and Turkey agree to normalize relations, allowing the countries to begin the processes to establish diplomatic ties and reopen the shared border.


BBC News