• Armenia briefly becomes independent after the Ottoman Empire falls.
  • After being invaded by the Soviet Red Army, Armenia becomes part of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR).
  • Armenians suffer under Stalin's purges, but the nation also experiences substantial industrial development.

  • In December, Armenia joins the Commonwealth of Independent States, the successor of the Soviet Union.

  • In a September referendum, 94% of voters support secession from the Soviet Union, formally declaring the country‚Äôs independence.
  • A trade and energy embargo is imposed by Azerbaijan over a conflict of Armenia's claims to the Nagorno-Karabakh region.

  • The government begins programs aimed at returning industries to the private market and liberalizing prices.
  • Armenia and Turkey agree to normalize relations, allowing the countries to begin the processes to establish diplomatic ties and reopen the shared border.

Sources:

BBC News open_in_new
Britannica open_in_new