Belarus: Government

Republic of Belarus Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Belarus

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Alexander Lukashenko

Head of Government: Prime Minister Andrei Kobyakov

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Belarus

Constitution: Adopted: 1994; Outlines the principles of the constitutional system; the individual, society, and the state; the electoral system; the president, parliament, government, and the courts; local government and self-government; the procurator's office and state supervisory committee; and the financial and credit system.

Government Type: Republic under a Dictatorship

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president is the chief of state overseeing all areas of the government and makes appointments to both legislative and judiciary branches. The prime minister is the head of the government and appoints cabinet members.

The president is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system. The prime minister is appointed by the president.

5 years

Judicial

The judiciary upholds and interprets the constitution.

The supreme court is appointed by the president with consent of the council of the republic to serve for 5 years and evaluated for life appointment. 6 constitutional court judges are appointed by the president, and 6 are elected by the chamber of representatives and serve 11 year terms.

4 years

Legislative

The legislative branch creates and passes legislation.

The council of the republic has 56 members who are elected by regional governing councils, and 8 members are appointed by the president. The chamber of representatives has 110 members who are elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Russia is the single largest partner for Belarus in the economic and political fields. One-third of all Belarusian exports go to Russia, including the vast majority of industrial goods, such as tractors, buses, and trucks as well as dairy and meat products. Due to the structure of Belarusian industry, Belarus relies heavily on other CIS countries, and Russia in particular, both for export markets and for the supply of raw materials, subsidized energy, and components.

Regional Trade Blocs: EAEU

Treaties: Collective Security Treaty Organization


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

BSEC CBSS CEI CIS CSTO EAEC
EAPC EBRD FAO GCTU IAEA IBRD
ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IFC IFRCS
ILO IMF IMSO Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ISO ITU ITUC MIGA NAM
NSG OPCW OSCE PCA PFP SCO
UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UNIFIL UNWTO
UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO
WTO ZC

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Air Pollution-Sulfur 85 Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol
Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping
Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Ministry of Taxes and Duties of the Republic of Belarus

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary