Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Aleksandr Lukashenko
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Roman Golovchenko


Government Name:
Republic of Belarus
Adopted: 1994; Outlines the principles of the constitutional system; the individual, society, and the state; the electoral system; the president, parliament, government, and the courts; local government and self-government; the procurator's office and state supervisory committee; and the financial and credit system.
Government Type:
Republic under a Dictatorship
Republic of Belarus Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Belarus

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2023)

Country Risk Rating

A high-risk political and economic situation and an often very difficult business environment can have a very significant impact on corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is very high. Source: Coface (2022)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

The president is the chief of state overseeing all areas of the government and makes appointments to both legislative and judiciary branches. The prime minister is the head of the government and appoints cabinet members.

The president is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system. The prime minister is appointed by the president.

5 years


The judiciary upholds and interprets the constitution.

The supreme court is appointed by the president with consent of the council of the republic to serve for 5 years and evaluated for life appointment. 6 constitutional court judges are appointed by the president, and 6 are elected by the chamber of representatives and serve 11 year terms.

4 years


The legislative branch creates and passes legislation.

The council of the republic has 56 members who are elected by regional governing councils, and 8 members are appointed by the president. The chamber of representatives has 110 members who are elected by absolute majority vote in single-member constituencies.

4 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Ministry of Taxes and Duties of the Republic of Belarus
Tax Name:


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets