Belize: History

  1. 1638

    The first recorded European settlement is established by shipwrecked English seamen, although the area had been claimed by Spain. Over the next 150 years, more English settlements are built.

  2. 1862

    Belize is officially declared a crown colony called British Honduras.

  3. 1930s

    The Belizean economy is hit by the Great Depression. Additionally, Belize City is largely destroyed by a Hurricane.

  4. 1964

    A new constitution gives Belize full internal self-government.

  5. 1973

    The country changes its name from British Honduras to Belize.

  6. 1981

    Belize declares complete independence from Britain.

  7. 2006

    Belize begins commercial exploitation of its oil reserves.

  8. 2012

    Belize's credit rating is reduced to “selective” default by ratings agency Standard and Poor's.


BBC News