Belize: Government

Belize Flag
Coat of Arms of Belize

Key Figures

Chief of State: Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor General Colville N. Young, Sr.

Head of Government: Prime Minister Dean Barrow

Overview

Government Name: Belize

Constitution: Adopted: 1981; Discusses basics of the state and constitution, citizens rights, and structure of government and leaders.

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy and a Commonwealth Realm

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The queen/governor-general is the chief of state representing the commonwealth for ceremonies and appoints cabinet from advice of the prime minister. The prime minister advises the governor-general on the executive duties of the government.

The role of queen is hereditary. She appoints the governor-general, who, in turn, appoints the prime minister.

Governor-General: at Her Majesty's discretion; Prime Minister: 5 years

Judicial

Responsible for interpreting and upholding the constitution when conflict's arise, and determining all cases as the most supreme court.

Appointed by governor-general upon advice of prime minister and parliament.

Mandatory retirement age of 75

Legislative

Responsible for passing legislature for the peace, order, and good government of Belize.

The senate comprises 12 members who are appointed by the governor-general. The house of representatives comprises 31 seats elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: In order to strengthen its potential for economic and political development, Belize has sought to build closer ties with the Spanish-speaking countries of Central America to complement its historical ties to the English-speaking Caribbean states. In 2005 Belize joined other Central American countries participating in the Cooperating Nations Information Exchange System (CNIES), which assists in locating, identifying, tracking, and intercepting civil aircraft in Belize's airspace. Belize and other Central American countries signed the Conjunta Centroamerica-USA (CONCAUSA) agreement on regional sustainable development. Belize held the presidency of the Central American Integration System (SICA) for a 6-month period in 2010. Belize is a member of CARICOM, which was founded in 1973, and held the chairmanship of CARICOM for a 6-month period in 2008. Belize became an OAS member in 1990.

Regional Trade Blocs: CARICOM

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AOSIS C Caricom CD CDB
CELAC FAO G-77 IADB IAEA IBRD
ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IFAD IFC
IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Interpol IOC
IOM ITU LAES MIGA NAM OAS
OPANAL OPCW PCA Petrocaribe SICA UN
UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO UPU WCO WHO
WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary