Key Figures

Chief of State:
Queen Elizabeth II represented by Governor General Colville N. Young, Sr.
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Dean Barrow


Government Name:
Adopted: 1981; Discusses basics of the state and constitution, citizens rights, and structure of government and leaders.
Government Type:
Parliamentary Democracy and a Commonwealth Realm
Belize Flag
Coat of Arms of Belize

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2018)

Country Risk Rating

There is no Country Risk Rating for Belize

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

The queen/governor-general is the chief of state representing the commonwealth for ceremonies and appoints the cabinet via advice of the prime minister. The prime minister advises the governor-general on the executive duties of the government.

The role of queen is hereditary. She appoints the governor-general, who, in turn, appoints the prime minister.

Governor-General: at Her Majesty's discretion; Prime Minister: 5 years


Responsible for interpreting and upholding the constitution when conflicts arise, and determining all cases as the most supreme court.

Appointed by governor-general upon advice of prime minister and parliament.

Mandatory retirement age of 75


Responsible for passing legislature for the peace, order, and good government of Belize.

The senate comprises 12 members who are appointed by the governor-general. The house of representatives comprises 31 seats elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies.

5 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets