Bolivia: History

  1. 1538

    The Spanish conquer Bolivia, which becomes a part of the vice-royalty of Peru.

  2. 1824

    Simon Bolivar, a Venezuelan freedom fighter, liberates the country from Spanish rule.

  3. 1825

    Bolivia gains its independence. 

  4. 1880

    Bolivia becomes landlocked after losing its mineral-rich, coastal territory to Chile following the War of the Pacific.

  5. 1903

    The rubber rich province of Acre on the Brazilian border is sold to Brazil after Bolivia is unsuccessful in quelling an autonomous rebellion in the region.

  6. 1952

    The military regime is overthrown and new president, Victor Paz Estenssoro, introduces economic reforms including the nationalization of tin mines and land distribution.

  7. 1980

    US and European nations suspend aid alleging corruption and drug trafficking. Aid resumed three years later following the country's introduction of austerity measures.

  8. 1986

    The tin market collapses, resulting in the loss of twenty-one thousand miner jobs.

  9. 2004

    A major deal is signed to allow Bolivia to export gas via a Peruvian port.

  10. 2006

    Bolivia completes its gas nationalization program, giving the state control over foreign energy firms operating in the country.

  11. 2007

    The presidents of Bolivia, Venezuela, and Argentina sign joint energy deals worth more than $1 billion.


BBC News