Chile: Government

Republic of Chile Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Chile

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Verónica Michelle Bachelet Jeria

Head of Government: President Verónica Michelle Bachelet Jeria

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Chile

Constitution: Adopted: 1980; Chapters cover information regarding the bases of institutionality, nationality and citizenry, constitutional rights and obligations, the government, electoral justice, armed forces, and the central bank.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president is responsible for the government and state administration.

The president is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

4 years

Judicial

The senate must be aware of the accusations made by the chamber of deputies, to lend or deny its consent to actions of the president of the republic in cases required by the constitution by law, and to provide its opinion to the president of the republic in requested cases.

The senate has 38 members who are elected through a closed party-list majority system.

4 years

Legislative

The chamber of deputies adopts agreements, suggests observations, and declares whether accusations should be acceptable.

The chamber of deputies has 120 members who are elected through a closed party-list majority system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: The Chilean government has diplomatic relations with most countries. In 2011, Chile officially recognized the state of Palestine, and it settled its territorial disputes with Argentina during the 1990s. Chile and Bolivia severed diplomatic ties in 1978 over Bolivia's desire to reacquire territory it lost to Chile in the 1879-83 War of the Pacific. The two countries maintain consular relations and are represented at the consul general level. In January 2008, Peru submitted a case to the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague regarding the demarcation of its maritime border with Chile; Chile disagrees with Peru's assertion and is challenging its claim in the ICJ. Chile acceded to the International Criminal Court in June 2009.

Regional Trade Blocs: APEC

Treaties: South American Defense Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

APEC BIS BRICS CAN CD CELAC
FAO G-15 G-77 IADB IAEA IBRD
ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IFAD IFC
IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO IMSO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU ITUC LAES LAIA Mercosur MIGA
MINUSTAH NAM OAS OECD OPANAL OPCW
Pacific Alliance PCA SICA UN UNASUR UNCTAD
UNESCO UNFICYP UNHCR UNIDO Union Latina UNMOGIP
UNSC UNTSO UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU
WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Antarctic Seals Antarctic Treaty Antarctic-Environmental Protocol Antarctic-Marine Living Resources Biodiversity Climate Change
Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea
Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Internal Revenue Service

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary