Comoros: Government

Union of the Comoros Flag
Coat of Arms of Union of the Comoros

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Azali Assoumani

Head of Government: President Azali Assoumani

Overview

Government Name: Union of the Comoros

Constitution: Adopted: 2001; Renamed the Islamic Federal Republic of Comoros in the Union of Comoros, this document establishes that the executive power is exercised by the government, the federal legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament, and each of the islands has a great amount of autonomy in the Union. The constitution does not, however, contain provisions concerning the protection of intellectual property rights.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president appoints judges and is in charge of daily executory tasks of the government.

The president is elected by the plurality vote in single member constituencies.

4 years

Judicial

The supreme court is the highest court of the land. The constitutional court is in charge of determining cases questioning the constitution.

2 supreme court judges are selected by the president of the union, another 2 by the assembly of the union, and 1 each by the 3 island councils.

No term limit

Legislative

The assembly of the union is in charge of creating the legislature.

The assembly of the union has 15 members elected by regional legislatures and 18 by absolute majority vote in single member constituencies.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Comoros is also a member of the African Union, the Organization of Islamic Cooperation, the League of Arab States, the European Development Fund, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the International Labor Organization, the World Health Organization, the Indian Ocean Commission, the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA), and the African Development Bank.

Regional Trade Blocs: Arab League, COMESA

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AMF AOSIS AU CAEU
COMESA FAO FZ G-77 IBRD ICAO
ICRM IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS
ILO IMF IMO IMSO InOC Interpol
IOC IOM ITSO ITU ITUC LAS
NAM OIC OIF OPCW UN UNCTAD
UNESCO UNIDO UPU WCO WHO WIPO
WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary