Croatia: Government

Republic of Croatia Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Croatia

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarovic

Head of Government: Prime Minister Andrej Plenkovic

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Croatia

Constitution: Adopted: 1990; Constitution contains provisions concerning the protection of intellectual property rights. Also outlined are the historical foundations, organization of government, community-level/local/regional government, international relations, and the European Union.

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The prime minister is the head of government and the commander in chief of the armed forces.

The president is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system.

5 years

Judicial

The judicial branch is independent of the executive and legislature. The supreme court is the highest court in appeal.

The president of the supreme court is nominated by the president of Croatia and elected by Croatian Sabor (parliament) for a 4-year term. Other supreme court justices are appointed by national judicial council.

Mandatory retirement age of 70

Legislative

The parliament's (Sabor) powers include enactment and amendment of the constitution and laws, adoption of the government budget, declarations of war and peace, defining national boundaries, and calling referenda and elections.

The assembly has 151 members elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Croatia is active in the region, particularly in supporting its neighbors' Euro-Atlantic aspirations. Croatia has made progress on dealing with a number of post-conflict issues. Some of these, such as the status of refugees displaced during the 1991-95 war and determining the fate of missing persons from the war, remain key issues influencing Croatia’s relations with its neighbors.

Regional Trade Blocs: European Union

Treaties: NATO, Common Security and Defense Policy


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

Australia Group BIS BSEC CD CE CEI
EAPC EBRD EU FAO G-11 IADB
IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA
IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF
IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM IPU
ISO ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA MINURSO
MINUSTAH NAM NATO NSG OAS OIF
OPCW OSCE PCA SELEC UN UNCTAD
UNDOF UNESCO UNFICYP UNHCR UNIDO UNIFIL
UNMIL UNMOGIP UNWTO UPU WCO WHO
WIPO WMO WTO ZC

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Air Pollution-Sulfur 94 Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds Biodiversity
Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea
Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary