The death of Tito and the fall of communism throughout Eastern Europe leads to the unraveling of the Yugoslav Federation, as the republics call for independence.
Following the demise of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Croatia joins the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes.
The Kingdom is renamed Yugoslavia and the government becomes more centralized as a royal dictatorship is established.
Croatia becomes one of the six republics of the Federal Socialist Republic of Yugoslavia.
In what is known as the Croatian Spring, protestors begin a movement for greater autonomy and political, economic, and cultural liberalization. The Yugoslav government arrests activists for participation in the protests.
Croatia holds it first free elections in 50 years, and Franjo Tudjman, a conservative, defeats the communists to become president.
Croatia declares its independence. Conflict between Serbs and Croats living in Croatia escalates, and one month after independence is declared, the Yugoslav army intervenes. War erupts throughout the region.
After four years of fighting, Croatia signs the Dayton peace agreement, agreeing to a permanent cease-fire and the return of all refugees.
Newly elected president Stjepan Mesic brings significant changes to Croatia including progression in regional cooperation, national reconciliation, and democratization. He also declares his desire for Croatia to join the EU and NATO.
Croatia officially joins NATO.
Serbian President Boris Tadic visits Croatia, seen as a significant sign of the repairing of relations between the two countries.
Croatia becomes the 28th member of the EU.