Cuba: Government

Republic of Cuba Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Cuba

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Raúl Castro

Head of Government: President Raúl Castro

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Cuba

Constitution: Adopted: 1976; Establishes Cuba as an independent, sovereign, and socialist state calling for a centralized control of the market and also providing citizens with free education and health care. There have been several amendments to the constitution since 1976, including removing limitations on foreign investment, declaring Cuba as a secular state, and stating that the socialist system was permanent and irrevocable.

Government Type: Communist State

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president is the head of government and has the executive power and is also commander in chief of the armed forces.

The president is indirectly elected by the national assembly.

5 years

Judicial

The supreme court rules on constitutional matters, and reviews final appeals from lower courts, including all criminal, civil, administrative, labor law, and economic cases.

Professional judges are elected by the national assembly.

2.5 years

Legislative

The national assembly of people's power has the ability to amend the constitution; to pass, amend, and repeal laws; to debate and approve national plans for economic development, the state budget, credit and financial programs; and to set guidelines for domestic and foreign policies. Although vested with both constituent and legislative authority, the government may pass decrees that have the force of law.

The national assembly of people's power has 609 members elected by absolute majority vote from slated candidates approved by the government.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: As an activist country, Cuba aims to find new sources of trade, aid, foreign investment, and political support worldwide. Cuba is member of the United Nations, World Trade Organization, and a founding member of the Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America (ALBA). In 2014, under the U.S. leadership of President Barack Obama, the process of restoring international relations between Cuba and the United States began.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AOSIS CELAC FAO G-77 IAEA
ICAO ICC ICRM IFAD IFRCS IHO
ILO IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ISO ITSO ITU LAES LAIA
NAM OAS OPANAL OPCW PCA Petrocaribe
UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNIDO Union Latina UNWTO
UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO
WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Antarctic Treaty Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species
Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection
Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary