Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Raúl Castro
Head of Government:
President Raúl Castro


Government Name:
Republic of Cuba
Adopted: 1976; Establishes Cuba as an independent, sovereign, and socialist state calling for a centralized control of the market and also providing citizens with free education and health care. There have been several amendments to the constitution since 1976, including removing limitations on foreign investment, declaring Cuba as a secular state, and stating that the socialist system was permanent and irrevocable.
Government Type:
Communist State
Republic of Cuba Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Cuba

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2018)

Country Risk Rating

The highest-risk political and economic situation and the most difficult business environment. Corporate default is likely. Source: Coface (2018)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

The president is the head of government and has the executive power and is also commander in chief of the armed forces.

The president is indirectly elected by the national assembly.

5 years


The supreme court rules on constitutional matters, and reviews final appeals from lower courts, including all criminal, civil, administrative, labor law, and economic cases.

Professional judges are elected by the national assembly.

2.5 years


The national assembly of people's power has the ability to amend the constitution; to pass, amend, and repeal laws; to debate and approve national plans for economic development, the state budget, credit and financial programs; and to set guidelines for domestic and foreign policies. Although vested with both constituent and legislative authority, the government may pass decrees that have the force of law.

The national assembly of people's power has 609 members elected by absolute majority vote from slated candidates approved by the government.

5 years

Regional Trade Blocs

No Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets