Djibouti: Government

Republic of Djibouti Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Djibouti

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Ismail Omar Guelleh

Head of Government: Prime Minister Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Djibouti

Constitution: Adopted: 1992; Provides for a semi-presidential regime in which the presidential power is vested in the government, and the legislative power is shared between the government and the parliament.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president serves as the head of state. The government is headed by the prime minister who also heads the council of ministers.

The president is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system. The prime minister is appointed by the president.

5 years

Judicial

The supreme court is independent of the executive and legislature branch.

The supreme court magistrates are appointed by the president with the advice of the superior council of the magistracy.

Mandatory retirement age of 65

Legislative

Power is vested in both the government (council of ministers) and parliament.

The national assembly has 52 members who are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies. The national assembly is the prominent political force held by a coalition of political parties led by the dominant People's Rally for Progress (PRP). The Front of the Restoration of Unity and Democracy (FRUD) makes up some of the other members of the political coalition.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Djibouti notes the importance of maintaining close ties with Somalia, Ethiopia, France, and the United States. It is likewise an active participant in African Union and Arab League affairs. Since the 2000s, Djiboutian authorities have also strengthened relations with China. Djibouti seeks to play a stabilizing role in the frequently tense regional politics of the Horn of Africa.

Regional Trade Blocs: Arab League, COMESA

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AFESD AMF AU CAEU
COMESA FAO G-77 IBRD ICAO ICRM
IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS IGAD
ILO IMF IMO Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ITU ITUC LAS MIGA MINURSO
NAM OIC OIF OPCW UN UNCTAD
UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNWTO UPU WCO
WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary