Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Ismail Omar Guelleh
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Abdoulkader Kamil Mohamed


Government Name:
Republic of Djibouti
Adopted: 1992; Provides for a semi-presidential regime in which the presidential power is vested in the government, and the legislative power is shared between the government and the parliament.
Government Type:
Republic of Djibouti Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Djibouti

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2023)

Country Risk Rating

A very uncertain political and economic outlook and a business environment with many troublesome weaknesses can have a significant impact on corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is high. Source: Coface (2022)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

The president serves as the head of state. The government is headed by the prime minister who also heads the council of ministers.

The president is elected by absolute majority vote through a two-round system. The prime minister is appointed by the president.

5 years


The supreme court is independent of the executive and legislature branch.

The supreme court magistrates are appointed by the president with the advice of the superior council of the magistracy.

Mandatory retirement age of 65


Power is vested in both the government (council of ministers) and parliament.

The national assembly has 52 members who are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies. The national assembly is the prominent political force held by a coalition of political parties led by the dominant People's Rally for Progress (PRP). The Front of the Restoration of Unity and Democracy (FRUD) makes up some of the other members of the political coalition.

5 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets