Dominican Republic: History

  1. 1496

    Spaniards set up the first Spanish colony in the Western hemisphere in Santo Domingo.

  2. 1697

    The Treaty of Ryswick gives the western part of Hispaniola to France and the eastern part (present-day Dominican Republic) to Spain.

  3. 1844

    Santo Domingo declares its independence and becomes the Dominican Republic.

  4. 1861

    President Pedro Santana returns the Dominican Republic to Spanish rule.

  5. 1865

    The second Dominican Republic is proclaimed, following a revolt and Spain's subsequent withdrawal from the island. 

  6. 1906

    The Dominican Republic and the United States sign a 50-year treaty, in which the U.S. takes over the republic's customs department in return for purchasing its debts.

  7. 1924

    U.S. forces withdraw after eight years of U.S. military rule. 

  8. 1985

    IMF-prescribed austerity measures, including price hikes for basic consumer goods and petrol, lead to widespread riots.

  9. 2007

    The Dominican Republic officially becomes a member of CAFTA-DR, a trade agreement between the U.S. and five other Central American countries.


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