Dominican Republic: History
Christopher Columbus visits the island and names it Hispaniola.
Spaniards establish a colony at Santo Domingo, which becomes the capital of all the Spanish colonies in America.
Spaniards start bringing African slaves to the island.
The Treaty of Ryswick gives the western part of Hispaniola to France and the eastern part (present-day Dominican Republic) to Spain.
Spain gives its portion of Hispaniola to France.
The western part of the island becomes the Republic of Haiti.
A revolt by Spanish Creoles is successful, returning Santo Domingo to Spain.
Santo Domingo is conquered and reclaimed by Haiti in 1822.
Another revolt overthrows the Haitian president and Santo Domingo gains independence, becoming the Dominican Republic.
The Dominican Republic returns to the Spanish Empire.
Spain withdraws from the Dominican Republic after a revolt.
Independence is restored to the country, and the second Dominican Republic is declared.
A treaty is signed between the United States and the Dominican Republic, causing the US to take over the Republic's customs in exchange for purchasing its debts.
The US occupies the Dominican Republic and establishes a military government.
The US leaves and the Dominican Republic establishes a democratically elected constitutional government.
The Organization of American States (OAS) calls for a severance of diplomatic ties with the Dominican Republic.
The government establishes economic recovery legislation, which includes an austerity program that raises prices for food and petrol. These measures lead to riots.
The Dominican Republic goes into an economic depression.
The Dominican Republic becomes part of a free trade agreement between the US and five other Central American countries known as CAFTA-DR.