Eritrea: History

  1. 1890

    Italy proclaims the colony of Eritrea.

  2. 1941

    The British occupy Eritrea after defeating Italy in a battle during WWII.

  3. 1949

    Britain administers Eritrea as a United Nations trust territory.

  4. 1952

    The United Nations decides to make Eritrea a federal component of Ethiopia.

  5. 1962

    Ethiopia annexes Eritrea as a province, dissolving the Eritrean government; the Eritrean independence movement takes full force.

  6. 1974

    The Ethiopian Emperor, Haile Selassie, is ousted in a military coup.

  7. 1993

    Eritrean citizens vote for independence; the newly independent country joins the United Nations.

  8. 1998

    Border clashes between Eritrea and Ethiopia occur, leading to a war between the two nations.

  9. 2000

    Eritrea and Ethiopia reach a peace agreement, ending the war.


BBC News