• Italy proclaims the colony of Eritrea.
  • The British occupy Eritrea after defeating Italy in a battle during WWII.
  • Britain administers Eritrea as a United Nations trust territory.
  • The United Nations decides to make Eritrea a federal component of Ethiopia.
  • Ethiopia annexes Eritrea as a province, dissolving the Eritrean government; the Eritrean independence movement takes full force.
  • The Ethiopian Emperor, Haile Selassie, is ousted in a military coup.
  • Eritrean citizens vote for independence; the newly independent country joins the United Nations.
  • Border clashes between Eritrea and Ethiopia occur, leading to a war between the two nations.
  • Eritrea and Ethiopia reach a peace agreement, ending the war.


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