People [1]

People

Population 5,110,444 (2014)
Population Growth Rate 2.208 annual % (2014)
Age Dependency Ratio 83.079 % of working-age population (2014)
Urban Population 39.451 % of total (2017)
Infant Mortality Rate 31.3 per 1,000 live births (2018)
Life Expectancy at Birth 65.941 years (2018)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2014)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 0.4 billion kWh (2017) #162
Consumption 0.348 billion kWh (2017) #168
Exports 0 billion kWh (2017) #98
Imports 0 billion kWh (2017) #112
Renewable Electricity Generation 0.004 billion kWh (2017) #169

Oil

Ranking
Production 0 thousand bbl/day (2018) #125
Consumption 4.797 thousand bbl/day (2017) #167
Exports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #87
Imports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #85
Proved Reserves (Crude) 0 billion bbl (2019) #98

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 0 billion cu ft (2015) #97
Consumption (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #115
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #56
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2017) #79
Proved Reserves 0 trillion cu ft (2019) #99

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 13 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 506,000 (2018 est.)
Highways 16,000 km (2018)
Internet Users 69,095 (2016 est.)
Railways 306 km (2018)
Telephones 66,068 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationEastern Africa, bordering the Red Sea, between Djibouti and Sudan
Total Area117,600 sq. km
Land Area101,000 sq. km
Water Area16,600 sq. km
Coastline2,234 km
Climatehot, dry desert strip along Red Sea coast; cooler and wetter in the central highlands (up to 61 cm of rainfall annually, heaviest June to September); semiarid in western hills and lowlands
Terraindominated by extension of Ethiopian north-south trending highlands, descending on the east to a coastal desert plain, on the northwest to hilly terrain and on the southwest to flat-to-rolling plains
Lowest Pointnear Kulul within the Danakil Depression -75 m
Highest Point Soira 3,018 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 10/10/2015
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020