Greece: Government

Hellenic Republic Flag
Coat of Arms of Hellenic Republic

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Prokopios Pavlopoulos

Head of Government: Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras

Overview

Government Name: Hellenic Republic

Constitution: Adopted: 1975; Constitution aims to protect religious freedom, define individual social rights, and dictate the structure and functions of the Greek government.

Government Type: Parliamentary Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president has the power to declare war, grant pardon, and conclude agreements of peace, alliance, and participation in international organizations (mostly a ceremonial role). The prime minister is the leader of the party controlling the absolute majority of parliament and safeguards the unity of the government and directs its activities.

The president is elected by the Hellenic parliament. The prime minister is appointed by the president.

5 years

Judicial

Supreme court can take on "contradictory" decisions, or judge the constitutionality of a legal provision differently. The supreme special court can declare an unconstitutional legal provision as "powerless", and is also the supreme electoral court by judging pleas against the legality of the legislative elections.

Judges are appointed by a presidential decree and are dismissed only after a judicial decision. Presidents and vice-presidents of the three supreme courts as well as the prosecuting attorney of the court of cassation are chosen by the cabinet.

3 years

Legislative

Members can vote to elect the president once their term expires and have the ability to revise the constitution.

250 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Greece's policy is, for the most part, aligned with that of its EU partners. They also maintain diplomatic, political, and economic relations with most of its Southeast European neighbors (except Macedonia). Some important issues in Greek Foreign policy are Balkan integration, Greek-Turkish differences in the Aegean, the reunification of Cyprus, illegal migration, regional energy development, Middle East relations (including strengthening ties to Israel), international peacekeeping operations, and Greek-American relations.

Regional Trade Blocs: European Union

Treaties: NATO, Common Security and Defense Policy


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

Australia Group BIS BSEC CD CE CERN
EAPC EBRD ECB EIB EMU ESA
EU FAO FATF IAEA IBRD ICAO
ICC ICRM IDA IEA IFAD IFC
IFRCS IGAD IHO ILO IMF IMO
IMSO Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO
ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA NATO NEA
NSG OAS OECD OIF OPCW OSCE
PCA Schengen Convention SELEC UN UNCTAD UNESCO
UNHCR UNIDO UNIFIL UNMISS UNWTO UPU
WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO WTO
ZC

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Air Pollution-Sulfur 94 Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds Antarctic Treaty
Antarctic-Environmental Protocol Antarctic-Marine Living Resources Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification
Endangered Species Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection
Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary