- Chief of State:
- President Prokopios Pavlopoulos
- Head of Government:
- Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras
- Government Name:
- Hellenic Republic
- Adopted: 1975; Constitution aims to protect religious freedom, define individual social rights, and dictate the structure and functions of the Greek government.
- Government Type:
- Parliamentary Republic
Government Control of Economy
Scale ranks countries on a basis of 1-100, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention.
Source: Heritage Foundation, http://www.heritage.org/index/heatmap (2015)
Country Risk Rating
|C||A very uncertain political and economic outlook and a business environment with many troublesome weaknesses can have a significant impact on corporate payment behavior. Corporate default probability is high.|
|Main Powers||Election Process||Election Cycle 1|
The president has the power to declare war, grant pardon, and conclude agreements of peace, alliance, and participation in international organizations (mostly a ceremonial role). The prime minister is the leader of the party controlling the absolute majority of parliament and safeguards the unity of the government and directs its activities.
The president is elected by the Hellenic parliament. The prime minister is appointed by the president.
Supreme court can take on "contradictory" decisions, or judge the constitutionality of a legal provision differently. The supreme special court can declare an unconstitutional legal provision as "powerless", and is also the supreme electoral court by judging pleas against the legality of the legislative elections.
Judges are appointed by a presidential decree and are dismissed only after a judicial decision. Presidents and vice-presidents of the three supreme courts as well as the prosecuting attorney of the court of cassation are chosen by the cabinet.
Members can vote to elect the president once their term expires and have the ability to revise the constitution.
250 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system.
Foreign Policy Trends: Greece's policy is, for the most part, aligned with that of its EU partners. They also maintain diplomatic, political, and economic relations with most of its Southeast European neighbors (except Macedonia). Some important issues in Greek Foreign policy are Balkan integration, Greek-Turkish differences in the Aegean, the reunification of Cyprus, illegal migration, regional energy development, Middle East relations (including strengthening ties to Israel), international peacekeeping operations, and Greek-American relations.
Regional Trade Blocs: European Union
Treaties: NATO, Common Security and Defense Policy
International Organization Participation Source: CIA World Factbook
Note: Click table to see details
Environmental Agreements Source: CIA World Factbook
|Air Pollution||Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides||Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants||Air Pollution-Sulfur 94||Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds||Antarctic Treaty|
|Antarctic-Environmental Protocol||Antarctic-Marine Living Resources||Biodiversity||Climate Change||Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol||Desertification|
|Endangered Species||Environmental Modification||Hazardous Wastes||Law of the Sea||Marine Dumping||Ozone Layer Protection|
|Ship Pollution||Tropical Timber 06||Wetlands|
Note: Click table to see details
Tax Information 2
- Tax Authority:
- Ministry of Finance
- Tax Name: