- Chief of State:
- President Katerina Sakellaropoulou
- Head of Government:
- Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis
- Government Name:
- Hellenic Republic
- Adopted: 1975; Constitution aims to protect religious freedom, define individual social rights, and dictate the structure and functions of the Greek government.
- Government Type:
- Parliamentary Republic
Index of Economic Freedom
Country Risk Rating
|Main Powers||Election Process||Election Cycle 1|
The president has the power to declare war, grant pardon, and conclude agreements of peace, alliance, and participation in international organizations (mostly a ceremonial role). The prime minister is the leader of the party controlling the absolute majority of parliament and safeguards the unity of the government and directs its activities.
The president is elected by the Hellenic parliament. The prime minister is appointed by the president.
Supreme court can take on "contradictory" decisions, or judge the constitutionality of a legal provision differently. The supreme special court can declare an unconstitutional legal provision as "powerless", and is also the supreme electoral court by judging pleas against the legality of the legislative elections.
Judges are appointed by a presidential decree and are dismissed only after a judicial decision. Presidents and vice-presidents of the three supreme courts as well as the prosecuting attorney of the court of cassation are chosen by the cabinet.
Members can vote to elect the president once their term expires and have the ability to revise the constitution.
250 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system. 50 seats are also awarded to the party that wins a plurality of votes with an electoral threshold of 3%.
Regional Trade Blocs
International Organization Participation 
Environmental Agreements 
Tax Information 
- Tax Authority:
- Ministry of Finance
- Tax Name:
- ElectionGuide http://www.electionguide.org/
- EY, http://www.ey.com
- CIA World Factbook, https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/
- U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets http://www.state.gov/r/pa/ei/bgn/