Economic Trivia

Greece has a capitalist economy with a public sector accounting for about 40% of GDP and with per capita GDP about two-thirds that of the leading euro-zone economies.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2019): Germany, Italy, and China
Top 3 Exported Goods (2019): Oil & Mineral Fuels, Pharmaceuticals, and Industrial Machinery

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Tourism; Food and Tobacco Processing; Textiles; Chemicals

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $305,005,122,357 (2020)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) -8.248% (2020)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $28,464 (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 55/197 (2020)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) -1.248% (2020)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) Data unavailable
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 51.9% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 7.544% (2016)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 8.307% (2020)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($12,618,222,579) (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 4,751,026 (2020)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 11.707% (2020)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 15.17% (2020)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 73.123% (2020)
Unemployment Rate 16.85% (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $74,702,220,595 (2020)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $60,399,236,581 (2020)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 47.836% (2020)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $4,999,635,990 (2019)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $25,853,252,167 (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Greece’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank