Economic Trivia

Greece has a capitalist economy with a public sector accounting for about 40% of GDP and with per capita GDP about two-thirds that of the leading euro-zone economies.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2017): Germany, Italy, and Russia
Top 3 Exported Goods (2017): Oil & Mineral Fuels, Aluminum, and Industrial Machinery

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Tourism; Food and Tobacco Processing; Textiles; Chemicals

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $297,008,117,389 (2017)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 1.351% (2017)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $27,602 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 57/195 (2017)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 1.121% (2017)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) Data unavailable
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 51.7% (2017)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 7.544% (2016)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 8.866% (2017)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($1,331,471,846) (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 4,880,180 (2017)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 12.128% (2017)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 15.298% (2017)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 72.574% (2017)
Unemployment Rate 21.49% (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $68,691,519,438 (2017)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $66,535,646,370 (2017)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 44.659% (2017)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) $4,021,758,192 (2017)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $32,186,981,640 (2017)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Greece’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank