Spanish explorer Pedro de Alvarado conquers what is now Guatemala by defeating the native Mayan people and making it a Spanish colony.
The current capital, Guatemala City, is founded.
Guatemala gains independence from Spain and becomes part of the Mexican Empire.
Guatemala joins the United Provinces of Central America.
Guatemala gains full independence.
Guatemala declares war on the Axis powers.
A United States-backed military coup led by Colonel Carlos Castillo topples the government.
A civil war breaks out between the military government and guerrilla rebels.
Civilian rule is restored.
General Efrain Rios Montt takes over the government in a military coup. He forms a military junta and creates a totalitarian government.
A new constitution is ratified, which allows for a return to democracy.
Peace negotiations between the government and the guerilla rebels are finally signed, ending the civil war.
Guatemala and Belize settle their long-standing border dispute.