• Guatemala is turned into a Spanish colony.

  • Guatemala becomes independent and joins the Mexican empire a year later. 

  • Guatemala becomes part of the United Provinces of Central America, which includes Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua

  • Guatemala gains full independence.
  • Guatemala's new president modernizes the country, develops the army, and introduces coffee growing, which becomes one of its largest exports. 

  • An earthquake struck Guatemala, killing 27,000 people and more than a million people are left homeless.

  • The civil war toll since 1980 has caused the death of 100,000 and 40,000 are announced missing.

  • After 36 years, a peace agreement marks the end of the civil war.

  • Guatemala, Nicaragua, El Salvador and Honduras agree on a free-trade agreement with the United States which comes into effect in 2006. 


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