Iraq: Government

Due to the current conflict in Iraq, the information on these pages may not reflect current conditions in the country.

Republic of Iraq Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Iraq

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Fuad Masum

Head of Government: Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi


Government Name: Republic of Iraq

Constitution: Adopted: 2005; Several previous versions had been put in place, but the most recent was adopted in referendum. The Constitution covers themes such as principles; basic rights and freedoms; structure, roles, and functions of the government; and regions in the country.

Government Type: Parliamentary Democracy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide,

The president safeguards the commitment to the constitution and the preservation of Iraq's independence, sovereignty, unity, and the security of its territories in accordance with the provisions of the constitution. The prime minister is the head of government and serves as the active executive authority.

The president and prime minister are both elected by parliament.

4 years


The federal supreme court is responsible for constitutional issues. The court of cassation is responsible and has jurisdiction for all judicial matters.

Members of both courts are appointed by the higher juridical council.

Federal Supreme Court: Life appointment; Court of Cassation: Serve for 1-year probationary period and allowed to serve until mandatory retirement age of 63 if performance is satisfactory


The council of representatives is the main legislative body of Iraq.

325 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: With the fall of Saddam Hussein and the Ba'ath regime, Iraq has taken steps toward re-engagement on the international stage. Iraq currently has diplomatic representation in 54 countries around the world, including three permanent missions to international organizations: the United Nations in New York, the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva, and the Arab League in Cairo. Forty-three nations have diplomatic representation in Iraq.

Regional Trade Blocs: No Regional Trade Blocs.

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties

Tax Authority: Information not available

Tax Name: Information not available


CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.