Key Figures

Chief of State:
President Latif Rashid
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Mohammed Shia Al-Sudani


Government Name:
Republic of Iraq
Adopted: 2005; Several previous versions had been put in place, but the most recent was adopted in a referendum. The constitution covers themes such as principles; basic rights and freedoms; structure, roles, and functions of the government; and regions in the country.
Government Type:
Federal Parliamentary Republic
Republic of Iraq Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Iraq

Index of Economic Freedom

Grades each country on a scale of 0 to 100, based on ten freedoms, with 100 representing the greatest amount of economic autonomy from government intervention. Source: Heritage Foundation (2002)

Country Risk Rating

The highest-risk political and economic situation and the most difficult business environment. Corporate default is likely. Source: Coface (2022)

Government Branches

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle 1

The president safeguards the commitment to the constitution and the preservation of Iraq's independence, sovereignty, unity, and the security of its territories in accordance with the provisions of the constitution. The prime minister is the head of government and serves as the active executive authority.

The president and prime minister are both elected by parliament.

4 years


The federal supreme court is responsible for constitutional issues. The court of cassation is responsible and has jurisdiction for all judicial matters.

Members of both courts are appointed by the higher juridical council.

Federal Supreme Court: Life appointment; Court of Cassation: Serve for 1-year probationary period and are allowed to serve until mandatory retirement at age of 63, if performance is satisfactory


The council of representatives is the main legislative body of Iraq.

325 members are elected through an open-list proportional representation system.

4 years

Regional Trade Blocs

International Organization Participation [2]

Environmental Agreements [3]

Tax Information [2]

Tax Authority:
Information not available
Tax Name:
Information not available


  1. ElectionGuide
  2. EY,
  3. CIA World Factbook,
  4. U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets