People [1]

People

Population 38,274,618 (2017)
Population Growth Rate 2.841 annual % (2017)
Age Dependency Ratio 77.256 % of working-age population (2017)
Urban Population 70.278 % of total (2017)
Infant Mortality Rate 25.3 per 1,000 live births (2017)
Life Expectancy at Birth 69.862 years (2016)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2017)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 65 billion kWh (2015) #42
Consumption 40 billion kWh (2015) #55
Exports 0 billion kWh (2015) #83
Imports 10 billion kWh (2015) #23
Renewable Electricity Generation 2.5 billion kWh (2015) #90

Oil

Ranking
Production 4,462 thousand bbl/day (2017) #7
Consumption 788 thousand bbl/day (2015) #26
Exports (Refined) [3] 2,462 thousand bbl/day (2013) #6
Imports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #85
Proved Reserves (Crude) 149 billion bbl (2018) #5

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 885 billion cu ft (2015) #26
Consumption (Dry) 35 billion cu ft (2015) #91
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2015) #47
Imports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2015) #71
Proved Reserves 135 trillion cu ft (2018) #12

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 102 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 30,203,100 (2016 est.)
Highways 59,623 km (2012)
Internet Users 8,098,401 (2016 est.)
Railways 2,272 km (2014)
Telephones 2,031,000 (2016 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationMiddle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait
Total Area438,317 sq. km
Land Area437,367 sq. km
Water Area950 sq. km
Coastline58 km
Climatemostly desert; mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq
Terrainmostly broad plains; reedy marshes along Iranian border in south with large flooded areas; mountains along borders with Iran and Turkey
Lowest PointPersian Gulf 0 m
Highest Point unnamed peak; 3,611 m; note - this peak is neither Gundah Zhur 3,607 m nor Kuh-e Hajji-Ebrahim 3,595 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 7/6/2018
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 12/5/2017