People [1]

People

Population 39,309,783 (2019)
Population Growth Rate 2.254 annual % (2019)
Age Dependency Ratio 70.705 % of working-age population (2019)
Urban Population 70.678 % of total (2019)
Infant Mortality Rate 21.8 per 1,000 live births (2019)
Life Expectancy at Birth 70.454 years (2018)

Age Distribution - % of Total Population (2019)

Energy [2]

Electricity

Ranking
Production 77.65 billion kWh (2018) #40
Consumption 43.971 billion kWh (2018) #55
Exports 0 billion kWh (2019) #95
Imports 21.793 billion kWh (2018) #10
Renewable Electricity Generation 2.51 billion kWh (2019) #96

Oil

Ranking
Production 4,798.387 thousand bbl/day (2019) #6
Consumption 960.842 thousand bbl/day (2018) #23
Exports (Refined) [3] 2,462 thousand bbl/day (2013) #6
Imports (Refined) [3] 0 thousand bbl/day (2013) #85
Proved Reserves (Crude) 145.019 billion bbl (2020) #5

Natural Gas

Ranking
Production (Gross) 885.029 billion cu ft (2015) #33
Consumption (Dry) 305.15 billion cu ft (2018) #51
Exports (Dry) 0 billion cu ft (2019) #57
Imports (Dry) 150.27 billion cu ft (2018) #37
Proved Reserves 131.686 trillion cu ft (2020) #12

Other [3]

Technology

Airports 102 (2013)
Cellular Telephones 36,527,353 (2018 est.)
Highways 59,623 km (2012)
Internet Users 8,098,401 (2016 est.)
Railways 2,272 km (2014)
Telephones 2,705,028 (2018 est.)

Geography & Environment

LocationMiddle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait
Total Area438,317 sq. km
Land Area437,367 sq. km
Water Area950 sq. km
Coastline58 km
Climatemostly desert; mild to cool winters with dry, hot, cloudless summers; northern mountainous regions along Iranian and Turkish borders experience cold winters with occasionally heavy snows that melt in early spring, sometimes causing extensive flooding in central and southern Iraq
Terrainmostly broad plains; reedy marshes along Iranian border in south with large flooded areas; mountains along borders with Iran and Turkey
Lowest PointPersian Gulf 0 m
Highest Point Cheekha Dar 3,611 m

Sources

  1. The World Bank Date Accessed: 1/31/2021
  2. U.S. Energy Information Administration
  3. CIA World Factbook Date Accessed: 5/9/2020