Economic Trivia

Iraq has the second largest oil reserves in the world.

Trade Source: United Nations Comtrade
Note: Top 3 trade partners are calculated by imports + exports.

Top 3 Trade Partners (2016): Singapore, United Arab Emirates, and Italy
Top 3 Exported Goods (2016): Oil & Mineral Fuels, Hides & Leather, and Animal Products

Top Industries Source: CIA World Factbook

Petroleum; Chemicals; Textiles; Leather

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) [1]

GDP, PPP (current international) $428,633,553,458 (2021)
GDP Growth Rate (annual %) 2.783% (2021)
GDP Per Capita, PPP (current international) $10,409 (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

GDP Country Rank 49/197 (2021)

GDP Composition %

Note: GDP composition percentage may exceed 100. Manufacturing is included in the Industry figures and is also reported separately because it plays a critical role in many economies.

Economic Indicators [1]

Inflation, consumer prices (annual %) 6.042% (2021)
External debt stocks, total (DOD, current US$) Data unavailable
Total tax rate (% of commercial profits) 30.8% (2019)
Real Interest Rate (5 year average %) 26.4% (2016)
Manufacturing, value added (% of GDP) 2.055% (2021)
Current Account Balance (BoP, current US$) ($6,196,900,000) (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Labor and Employment [1]

Labor Force, Total 10,718,823 (2021)
Employment in Agriculture (% of total employment) 17.788% (2020)
Employment in Industry (% of total employment) 22.353% (2020)
Employment in Services (% of total employment) 59.86% (2020)
Unemployment Rate 14.192% (2021)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Trade [1]

Imports of goods and services (current US$) $54,265,699,329 (2020)
Exports of goods and services (current US$) $50,188,790,940 (2020)
Total Merchandise Trade (% of GDP) 52.096% (2021)
FDI, net inflows (BoP, current US$) ($3,146,600,000) (2020)
Commercial Service Exports (current US$) $3,498,500,000 (2020)
Click on a row to display its 5-year graph on the right.

Economic Snapshot [1]

Note: Percentile ranks are calculated using the latest available data for all countries within the last 5 years.

How to interpret the graph: The purpose of this graph is to take a snapshot of a country’s economy in comparison to other economies. For example, Iraq’s Exports rank is higher than (please wait...) of the countries in the dataset. For Exports, FDI and GDP measures, a higher rank (closer to 100%) indicates a stronger economy. Conversely, for Unemployment and Inflation, a lower rank (closer to 0%) indicates a stronger economy.

Due to unavailable data the following indicators have been omitted:
  • Exports
  • FDI, net inflows
  • GDP Growth Rate
  • GDP Per Capita
  • Inflation
  • Unemployment


  1. The World Bank