Iraq: History


  1. 1534

    Iraq is part of the Ottoman Empire.

  2. 1917

    Britain invades Baghdad during World War I and the League of Nations grants British Mandate in Iraq after the war.

  3. 1932

    Iraq becomes independent after the mandate ends.

  4. 1941

    British re-occupies Iraq during World War II.

  5. 1958

    The British monarchy is overthrown, ending the pro-British Baghdad Pact. 

  6. 1974

    Iraq permits limited autonomy to Kurds in the north east region.  

  7. 1990

    The gulf war is initiated after Iraq invades Kuwait.

  8. 2003

    The United States leads an invasion of Iraq, pushing Saddam Hussein's government out. This marked the beginning of the country's destabilization, with GDP and employment falling significantly and inflation skyrocketing to 34%.

  9. 2011

    All U.S. forces are pulled out of Iraq.  

  10. 2013

    The Surge of the Islamic State continues to prevent Iraq from rebounding economically.

Sources:

BBC News
Britannica

Glossary