The Zionist Organization is founded and the First Zionist Congress proclaims its intent to establish a home for the Jewish people in Palestine that is secured under public law.
The State of Israel is proclaimed and is immediately invaded by armies from neighboring Arab states.
Israel's War of Independence ends with armistice agreements between Israel, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria; Israeli territory increases by 50%.
Israeli forces strike targets in Egypt, Jordan, and Syria in response to a buildup of Arab armies along Israel's border. Israel gains control of the Sinai Peninsula, the Golan Heights, the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, and East Jerusalem.
Israel begins its withdrawal of Israeli settlements from the Gaza Strip.
Israeli and Palestinian leaders participate in an international conference in Annapolis, Maryland and commit to launch negotiations towards the establishment of a Palestinian state in the West Bank and Gaza with a realization of peace.