Israel: Statistics

People 
HIV/AIDS - Adult Prevalence Rate 0.2% (2009 est.)
Infant mortality rate 4.07 deaths per 1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Population 7,590,758 (2012 est.)
Note: approximately 311,100 Israeli settlers live in the West Bank (2010); approximately 18,100 Israeli settlers live in the Golan Heights (2010); approximately 186,929 Israeli settlers live in East Jerusalem (2010)
Population Below Poverty Line 23.6% (2007 )
Note: Israel's poverty line is $7.30 per person per day (2007)
Population growth rate 1.541% (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate 2.67 children per woman (2012 est.)
Ethnic Groups:
Jewish 76.4% (of which Israel-born 67.1%, Europe/America-born 22.6%, Africa-born 5.9%, Asia-born 4.2%), non-Jewish 23.6% (mostly Arab) (2004)
Nationality:
noun: Israeli(s) adjective: Israeli
Religions:
Jewish 76.4%, Muslim 16%, Arab Christians 1.7%, other Christian 0.4%, Druze 1.6%, unspecified 3.9% (2004)
Languages:
Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially for Arab minority, English most commonly used foreign language
Energy 
Electricity Consumption 45.59 billion kWh (2009 est.)
Electricity Exports 3.783 billion kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity Imports 0 kWh (2010 est.)
Electricity Production 53.55 billion kWh (2010 est.)
Natural Gas Consumption 3.65 billion cu m (2010 est.)
Natural Gas Exports 0 cu m (2010 est.)
Natural Gas Imports 2.1 billion cu m (2010 est.)
Natural Gas Production 1.55 billion cu m (2010 est.)
Natural Gas Proved Reserves 270.7 billion cu m (2012 est.)
Oil Consumption 238.4 thousand bbl/day (2011 est.)
Oil Exports 86.01 thousand bbl/day (2009 est.)
Oil Imports 282.2 thousand bbl/day (2009 est.)
Oil Production 4.029 thousand bbl/day (2010 est.)
Oil Proved Reserves 11.8 million bbl (2012 est.)
Technology 
Airports 47 (2012 )
Cellular Telephones 9,200,000 (2011 )
Highways 18,290 (2008 )
Internet Hosts 2,483,000 (2012 )
Internet Users 4,525,000 (2009 )
Railways 975 (2010 )
Telephones 3,500,000 (2011 )
Geography 
Location:
Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Lebanon
Area
Total:22,072 sq. km
Land:21,642 sq. km
Water:430 sq. km
Coastline: 273 km
Climate:
temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert areas
Terrain:
Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central mountains; Jordan Rift Valley
Elevation Extremes
Lowest Point:Dead Sea -408 m
Highest Point: Har Meron 1,208 m
Environment - International Agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands, Whaling signed, but not ratified: Marine Life Conservation
International Organization Participation:
BIS, BSEC (observer), CERN (observer), EBRD, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt (signatory), ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IMSO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO, ITSO, ITU, ITUC, MIGA, OAS (observer), OECD (accession state), OPCW (signatory), OSCE (partner), Paris Club (associate), PCA, SECI (observer), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO

Sources:

CIA World Factbook

Glossary