Italy: Government

Italian Republic Flag
Coat of Arms of Italian Republic

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Sergio Mattarella

Head of Government: Prime Minister Matteo Renzi

Overview

Government Name: Italian Republic

Constitution: Adopted: 1947; Contains information regarding the formation of the Constituent Assembly; provisions regarding fundamental principles, rights and duties of citizens, and organization of the republic; and various amendments.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president appoints the executive cabinet, serves as president of the judiciary, and is also the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The prime minister is a member of the cabinet, and is able to nominate a list of cabinet ministers to be appointed by the president.

The president is elected by an electoral college. The prime minister is appointed by the president with the approval of parliament.

7 years

Judicial

The Corte Suprema di Cassazione is the highest court of the land and has jurisdiction over all lower courts. The Corte Costituzionale determines the constitutionality of laws.

Corte Suprema di Cassazione is appointed by the superior council of the judiciary, headed by the president. The Corte Costituzionale has 5 judges appointed by the president, 5 elected by parliament, and 5 elected by select higher courts.

Corte Suprema di Cassazione: information not available; Corte Costituzionale: 9 years

Legislative

Both the senate and chamber of deputies form a bicameral system and perform identical functions.

The chamber of deputies has 630 members who are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system. The senate has 315 members who are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Italy firmly supports the United Nations and its international security activities. It has provided critical support for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union (EU) operations in Libya, Afghanistan, Bosnia, Kosovo, Albania, Georgia, and Chad. The Italian Government seeks to obtain consensus with other European countries on various defense and security issues within the EU as well as NATO.

Regional Trade Blocs: European Union

Treaties: NATO, Common Security and Defense Policy


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB AfDB Australia Group BIS BSEC CBSS
CD CDB CE CEI CERN EAPC
EBRD ECB EIB EITI EMU ESA
EU FAO FATF G-10 G-20 G-7
G-8 IADB IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC
ICRM IDA IEA IFAD IFC IFRCS
IGAD IHO ILO IMF IMO IMSO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU ITUC LAIA MIGA MINURSO MINUSMA
NATO NEA NSG OAS OECD OPCW
OSCE Pacific Alliance Paris Club PCA PIF Schengen Convention
SELEC SICA UN UNAMID UNCTAD UNESCO
UNHCR UNIDO UNIFIL Union Latina UNMISS UNMOGIP
UNRWA UNTSO UNWTO UPU WCO WHO
WIPO WMO WTO ZC

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Air Pollution-Sulfur 85 Air Pollution-Sulfur 94 Air Pollution-Volatile Organic Compounds
Antarctic Seals Antarctic Treaty Antarctic-Environmental Protocol Antarctic-Marine Living Resources Biodiversity Climate Change
Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea
Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06 Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary