Chief of State: President Nursultan Abishuly Nazarbayev
Head of Government: Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev
Government Name: Republic of Kazakhstan
Constitution: Adopted: 1995; Contains information regarding the relationship between the individual and citizen, details the structure and roles of three government branches, and details the local public administration and self-administration.
Government Type: Republic under Authoritarian Presidential Rule
|Main Powers||Election Process||Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/|
The president determines the main directions of domestic and foreign policy of the state and represents the country in international relations. The prime minister supervises and organizes the basic government.
The president is elected by plurality vote. The prime minister is appointed by the president with the approval of parliament.
President: 5 years; Prime Minister: at discretion of president
The supreme court serves as the highest of three levels of courts (regional appeal, city, and district courts). The constitutional court judges upon the constitutionality of laws.
The supreme judicial council recommends nominee judges to the president. The president then submits nominees to the senate for a vote of confirmation.
Information not available
Parliament is divided into the Mazhilis and the senate. Together they adopt laws, discuss budget, ratify and denounce international treaties of the republic, issue acts of amnesty to citizens, and establish the procedure for resolving issues of the administrative-territorial division of the country.
The senate has 15 members who are appointed by the president and another 32 members who are indirectly elected by regional legislatures. The Mazhilis has 98 members who are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system and another 9 members who are selected for minorities.
Senate: 6 years; Mazhilis: 5 years
Foreign Policy Trends: Kazakhstan is a member of the United Nations, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, and North Atlantic Cooperation Council. It also is an active participant in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's (NATO) Partnership for Peace program. Kazakhstan also is a member of the Commonwealth of Independent States and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization along with Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan. Kazakhstan is the founding member of the Conference for Interaction and Confidence in Asia. Kazakhstan also engages in regional security dialogue with the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN).
Regional Trade Blocs: EAEU
Treaties: Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Collective Security Treaty Organization
International Organization Participation Source: CIA World Factbook
Note: Click table to see details
Environmental Agreements Source: CIA World Factbook
|Air Pollution||Biodiversity||Climate Change||Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol||Desertification||Endangered Species|
|Environmental Modification||Hazardous Wastes||Ozone Layer Protection||Ship Pollution||Wetlands|
Note: Click table to see details
Tax Authority: Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Kazakhstan Tax Committee
Tax Name: VAT