Lebanon: Government

Lebanese Republic Flag
Coat of Arms of Lebanese Republic

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Michel Aoun

Head of Government: Prime Minister Tammam Salam

Overview

Government Name: Lebanese Republic

Constitution: Adopted: 1926; Main feature is the representation given to the various religious communities in public employment, the formation of government, and the selection of the legislature.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president is the head of state, appoints the prime minister and cabinet. The prime minister is in charge of day-to-day executory tasks and advising the president.

The president is elected by the national assembly. The prime minister is appointed by the president and approved by parliament.

6 years

Judicial

The Court of Cassation is in charge of dealing with charges against top governmental officials and is the highest court of the land. The Constitutional Council interprets the constitutionality of laws.

Court of Cassation judges appointed by Supreme Judicial Council, headed by the chief justice, and includes other judicial officials. Constitutional Council members are appointed by the Council of Ministers and parliament.

Court of Cassation: Information not available; Constitutional Council: 5 years

Legislative

Elects president, approves president's appointees, in charge of creating legislature.

128 members elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: After the withdrawal of Syria's military in 2005, Lebanon's foreign policy has geared towards a more independent course. Lebanon has bilateral trade agreements with multiple Arabs states, and is in the process of being accepted into the World Trade Organization. Lebanon is also a member of the Francophone countries and hosted the Francophone Summit in October 2002 and the Francophone Games in 2009.

Regional Trade Blocs: Arab League

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ABEDA AFESD AMF CAEU FAO G-24
G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM
IDA IDB IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO
IMF IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IPU
ISO ITSO ITU LAS MIGA NAM
OAS OIC OIF OPCW PCA UN
UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNRWA UNWTO
UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO WMO
WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Environmental Modification Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary