Mexico: Government

United Mexican States Flag
Coat of Arms of United Mexican States

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Enrique Peña Nieto

Head of Government: President Enrique Peña Nieto

Overview

Government Name: United Mexican States

Constitution: Formed: 1918; Sets out social rights and displays profound changes in Mexican political philosophy in comparison to previous Mexican Constitutions.

Government Type: Federal Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president elects various government officials, acts as commander-in-chief, negotiates foreign treaties, may veto laws, and introduces bills into congress for their consideration.

Elected by plurality vote.

6 years

Judicial

Highest federal court.

Judges proposed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.

Life appointment

Legislative

The Senate addresses all matters concerning foreign policy, approves international agreements, and confirms presidential appointments. The Chamber of Deputies has the right to pass laws, impose taxes, declare war, approve the national budget, approve or reject treaties and conventions made with foreign countries, and ratify diplomatic appointments.

Congress of the Senate has 96 members elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies, and 32 members elected through a closed-list proportional representation system. Chamber of Deputies consists of 300 members elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies, and 200 members elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

3 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Traditionally, Mexico has sought to maintain its interests abroad and project its influence largely through moral persuasion and has championed the principles of nonintervention and self-determination. In its efforts to revitalize its economy and open up to international competition, Mexico has sought closer relations with the U.S., Western Europe, and the Pacific Basin.

Regional Trade Blocs: APEC, NAFTA

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

APEC BCIE BIS CAN Caricom CD
CDB CE CELAC EBRD FAO FATF
G-15 G-20 G-24 G-3 IADB IAEA
IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IFAD
IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF IMO
IMSO Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO
ITSO ITU ITUC LAES LAIA MIGA
NAFTA NAM NEA OAS OECD OPANAL
OPCW Pacific Alliance Paris Club PCA SICA UN
UNASUR UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO Union Latina
UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO WIPO
WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes
Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Marine Life Conservation Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06
Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Ministry of Finance and Public Credit

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary