Moldova: Government

Republic of Moldova Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Moldova

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Nicolae Timofti

Head of Government: Prime Minister Pavel Filip

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Moldova

Constitution: Adopted: 1994; Provides citizens with information regarding their fundamental rights, freedoms, and duties. Also outlines public authority figures and their roles in the government and summarizes the national economic and public finance system.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

The president represents the state and is the guarantor of national sovereignty, independence, and the unity and territorial integrity of the nation. The prime minister heads the cabinet of ministers.

The president is indirectly elected by parliament and the prime minister is designated by the president upon consultation with parliament.

4 years

Judicial

Supreme Court is the highest court of jurisdiction. Constitutional Court judges the constitutionality of laws.

Supreme Court judges are appointed by parliament upon the recommendation of the Supreme Council of the Magistracy. Constitutional Court judges are appointed by the parliament, the Moldovan president, and the Higher Council of Magistracy.

4-6 years

Legislative

The supreme representative organ and the single legislative authority of the state.

Members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

4 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Recent years have seen significant developments in Moldova's relations with the West. In 2005, the European Union (EU) appointed a Special Representative for Moldova and the European Commission opened an office in Chisinau. In February 2005, Brussels and Chisinau agreed on a European Union-Moldova Action Plan, a "roadmap" of reforms to strengthen the democratic and economic situation of the country and facilitate its Euro-Atlantic integration. In accordance with the 2005 Action Plan, Moldova has begun to harmonize its laws with those of the EU. Although Moldova has made some progress toward laying the structural and legislative foundation for reform, the EU has emphasized that more implementation is needed. In 2008, the EU proposed a new Eastern Partnership Initiative that would substantially upgrade the level of political engagement with Moldova and five other countries in the EU “neighborhood”, including the prospect of a new generation of Association Agreements and increased financial assistance.

Regional Trade Blocs: CEFTA

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

BSEC CD CE CEI CIS EAEC
EAPC EBRD FAO GCTU GUAM IAEA
IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IFAD
IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO Interpol
IOC IOM IPU ISO ITU ITUC
MIGA OIF OPCW OSCE PFP SELEC
UN UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO Union Latina
UNMIL UNMISS UNOCI UNWTO UPU WCO
WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification
Endangered Species Hazardous Wastes Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Principal State Fiscal Inspectorate

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary