Morocco: Government

Kingdom of Morocco Flag
Coat of Arms of Kingdom of Morocco

Key Figures

Chief of State: King Mohammed VI

Head of Government: Prime Minister Abdelilah Benkirane

Overview

Government Name: Kingdom of Morocco

Constitution: Adopted: 1992; Contains a portion regarding basic principles and defines the different aspects of government and their relationship with the monarchy.

Government Type: Constitutional Monarchy

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

King acts as both the secular political leader and the "Commander of the Faithful," presides over the Council of Ministers, and appoints various members of government. Prime minister serves as the head of government of Morocco.

King is hereditary, prime minister is appointed by monarch but must be chosen from the largest party in parliament.

Life appointment

Judicial

Supreme Court serves as the apex court in Morocco.

Appointed by the monarch upon the recommendation of the Supreme Council of the Judiciary.

Life appointment

Legislative

Majlis al-Mustacharin revise the constitution, help with budgetary matters, approve bills, question ministers, and establish ad hoc commissions of inquiry to investigate the government's actions. The Majli al-Nuwab (lower chamber) may dissolve the government through a vote of no confidence.

Majli al-Mustacharin members are elected by indirect vote. Majli al-Nuwab members are elected by proportional representation in multi-member constituencies.

Majlis al-Mustacharin: 6 years; Majlis al-Nuwab: 5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Morocco is a moderate Arab state that maintains close relations with Europe and the United States. It is a member of the UN, and in January 2012 it began a 2-year term as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council. Morocco belongs to the Arab League, Arab Maghreb Union (UMA), Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), the Non-Aligned Movement, and the Community of Sahel-Saharan States (CEN-SAD). King Mohammed VI is the chairman of the OIC's Al-Quds (Jerusalem) Committee. Although not a member of the African Union (formerly the Organization of African Unity--OAU), Morocco remains involved in African diplomacy. It contributes consistently to UN peacekeeping efforts on the continent.

Regional Trade Blocs: Arab League

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ABEDA AfDB AFESD AMF AMU CAEU
CD EBRD FAO G-11 G-77 IAEA
IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM IDA IDB
IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO IMF
IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM IPU
ISO ITSO ITU ITUC LAS MIGA
MONUSCO NAM OAS OIC OIF OPCW
OSCE Pacific Alliance Paris Club PCA UN UNCTAD
UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO UNOCI UNSC UNWTO
UPU WCO WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species Environmental Modification
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Wetlands
Whaling

Note: Click table to see details



Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary