Namibia: Government

Republic of Namibia Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of Namibia

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Hage Geingob

Head of Government: Prime Minister Saara Kuugongelwa-Amadhila

Overview

Government Name: Republic of Namibia

Constitution: Adopted: 1990; Established a multi-party, presidential democracy seeking to overcome apartheid. In this constitution, presidency is required to be directly elected and restricted to two terms of 5 years each and the death penalty is abolished.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

President appoints prime minister and other members of the cabinet, while the prime minister heads the government.

President is elected by plurality vote, and the prime minister is appointed by the president.

4 years

Judicial

Court of last resort and highest appellate court in Namibia.

Appointed by the president on recommendation by the Judicial Service Commission.

Life appointment

Legislative

National Assembly is the primary legislative body and National Council plays a more advisory role.

National Council members are elected by indirect vote. National Assembly members are elected through a closed-list proportional representation system.

National Council: 6 years; National Assembly: 5 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: Namibia follows a largely independent foreign policy, but has close relations with states that aided its independence struggle, including the People's Republic of China, Russia, and Cuba. Namibia is developing trade and strengthening economic and political ties within the Southern African region. As a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), Namibia is a vocal advocate for greater regional integration.

Regional Trade Blocs: SADC

Treaties: Peace and Security Council


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ACP AfDB AU C CD FAO
G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICRM IDA
IFAD IFC IFRCS ILO IMF IMO
Interpol IOC IOM IPU ISO ITSO
ITU ITUC MIGA NAM OPCW SACU
SADC UN UNAMID UNCTAD UNESCO UNHCR
UNIDO UNISFA UNMIL UNMISS UNOCI UNWTO
UPU WCO WHO WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Antarctic-Marine Living Resources Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Ozone Layer Protection Wetlands

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Commissioner of Inland Revenue

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary