Panama is claimed by Spain.
Independence from Spain is gained and Panama joins the confederacy of Gran Colombia, consisting of Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia.
Panama becomes part of Colombia after the collapse of Gran Colombia.
A treaty with the United States is signed allowing them to build a railway across the Isthmus.
Panama becomes fully independent and the United States buys the rights to build and control the Panama Canal, completed in 1914.
Panama ceases to be a United States protectorate.
General Omar Torrijos Herrera, National Guard chief, overthrows the government and imposes a dictatorship.
Manuel Noriega becomes head of the National Guard renaming it the Panama defense Forces, which in turn greatly increases Panama’s political and economic powers.
Panama takes full control of the Panama Canal.
The Panama Canal earns a record revenue of $1 billion for the financial year.
Panama and the United States agree on a free trade agreement.