Philippines: Government

Republic of the Philippines Flag
Coat of Arms of Republic of the Philippines

Key Figures

Chief of State: President Benigno "Noynoy" Aquino III

Head of Government: President Benigno "Noynoy" Aquino III

Overview

Government Name: Republic of the Philippines

Constitution: Adopted: 1987; Details the structure of the three branches of government and discusses topics such as citizenship, suffrafe, local government, social justice and human rights, and the family, among others.

Government Type: Republic

Main Powers Election Process Election Cycle Source: ElectionGuide, http://www.electionguide.org/
Executive

President is main source of executive power, although most of his power is delegated to a cabinet, and also is the commander in chief.

President elected by plurality vote and vice president by plurality vote on a separate ballot from the president.

6 years

Judicial

Settle actual controversies involving rights which are legally demandable and enforceable.

President selects judges and justices from nominees given by the Judicial and Bar Council.

Mandatory retirement age of 70

Legislative

All bills need consent of both houses to be submitted to the president. Congress can override presidential veto with a two-thirds supermajority. Senate has the power to vote upon treaties while the House may only introduce money bills. Additionally the House has the power to impeach while the Senate may try the impeached official.

Senate members are elected by plurality vote in multi-member constituencies. House of Representatives has 230 members are elected by plurality vote in single-member constituencies and 57 members through a closed-list proportional representation system.

Senate: 6 years; House of Representatives: 3 years

International Relations

Foreign Policy Trends: The fundamental Philippine attachment to democracy and human rights is reflected in its foreign policy. Philippine soldiers and police have participated in a number of multilateral civilian police and peacekeeping operations, and a Philippine Army general served as the first commander of the UN Peacekeeping Operation in East Timor. The Philippines presently has peacekeepers deployed in eight UN peacekeeping operations worldwide. The Philippines participated in Operation Iraqi Freedom, deploying some 50 troops to Iraq in 2003. (These troops were subsequently withdrawn in 2004 after the kidnapping of a Filipino overseas worker.) The Philippine Government also has been active in efforts to reduce tensions among rival claimants to the territories and waters of the resource-rich South China Sea.

Regional Trade Blocs: APEC, ASEAN

Treaties: No multilateral military treaties


International Organization Participation  Source: CIA World Factbook

ADB APEC ARF ASEAN BIS CD
CICA CP EAS ESCAP FAO G-24
G-77 IAEA IBRD ICAO ICC ICRM
IDA IFAD IFC IFRCS IHO ILO
IMF IMO IMSO Interpol IOC IOM
IPU ISO ITSO ITU ITUC MIGA
MINUSTAH NAM OAS OPCW PCA PIF
UN UNCTAD UNDOF UNESCO UNHCR UNIDO
Union Latina UNISFA UNMIL UNMISS UNMIT UNMOGIP
UNOCI UNWTO UPU WCO WFTU WHO
WIPO WMO WTO

Note: Click table to see details


Environmental Agreements  Source: CIA World Factbook

Air Pollution-Persistent Organic Pollutants Biodiversity Climate Change Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol Desertification Endangered Species
Hazardous Wastes Law of the Sea Marine Dumping Ozone Layer Protection Ship Pollution Tropical Timber 06
Wetlands Whaling

Note: Click table to see details


Tax Authority: Department of Finance's Bureau of Internal Revenue

Tax Name: VAT


Sources:

CIA World Factbook and U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets except where stated otherwise.

Glossary