Philippines: History

  1. 1542

    Spanish explorers claim the islands and name them the Philippines after the heir to the Spanish throne.

  2. 1898

    The United State's navy defeats Spain's fleet in Manila Bay in the Spanish-American War. Spain cedes the Philippines to the US under the Treaty of Paris.

  3. 1902

    A US civil government replaces military rule.

  4. 1946

    The islands are granted full independence and are renamed the Republic of the Philippines.

  5. 1951

    The Philippines sign a peace treaty with Japan and eventually receive $800 million in reparations payments.

  6. 1972

    President Ferdinand Marcos declares martial law and the parliament is suspended, opposition politicians are arrested, and censorship is imposed.


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