• Spain claims the islands and names them the Philippines after the heir to the Spanish throne.

  • Filipino revolutionary forces announce independence from Spain. During the Spanish-American War, Spain's fleet in Manila Bay is defeated and cedes the Philippines to the US

  • Revolutionaries refuse to recognize US takeover and proclaim the First Philippine Republic, causing an armed struggle against US forces known as the Philippine-American War.

  • Philippine-American War formally ends as US civil government replaces military rule.

  • The US begins to grant the Philippines greater autonomy, which would lead to independence.

  • The Commonwealth of Philippines is established and is promised full independence in 10 years. 

  • The US forces retake the islands after Japan seized them during World War II. 

  • The Philippines is finally granted full autonomy and renamed Republic of the Philippines. 

  • A peace treaty was signed with Japan following the conclusion of WWII. The Philippines eventually receives $800 million in reparations payments. 

  • A series of deadly bomb blasts on Manila bus and three locations in Zamboanga city blamed on Islamist militants. 

  • The Moro Islamic Liberation Front rebel group signs a peace deal with the government, ending one of Asia's longest and deadliest conflicts. 

  • Martial law is imposed on the island of Mindanao after fighting erupts between security forces and Islamic State-linked militants of the Maute group and Isnilon Hapilon.

  • Qatar announces that it will withdraw from the Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) in January, citing its greater reliance of gas exports, although many regional analysts see it as a symbolic move away from Saudi influence.


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