• Spain claims the islands and names them the Philippines after the heir to the Spanish throne.

  • Filipino revolutionary forces announce independence from Spain. During the Spanish-American War, Spain's fleet in Manila Bay is defeated and cedes the Philippines to the US

  • Revolutionaries refuse to recognize US takeover and proclaim First Philippine Republic, causing an armed struggle against Us forces known as the Philippine-American War.

  • Philippine-American War formally ends as US civil government replaces military rule.

  • The US begins to grant the Philippines greater autonomy, which would lead to independence.

  • The Commonwealth of Philippines is established and is promised full independence in 10 years. 

  • The US forces retake the islands after Japan seized them during World War II. 

  • Philippines is finally granted full autonomy and renamed Republic of the Philippines. 

  • Peace treaty signed with Japan following the conclusion of WWII. The Philippines eventually receives $800 million in reparations payments. 

  • The Moro Islamic Lieration Front rebel group signs a peace deal with the government, ending one of Asia's longest and deadliest conflicts. 

Sources:

BBC News open_in_new
Britannica open_in_new